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Chicken farming

Learning objectives

After completing the course

You will learn:

  • Benefit of chicken Farming
  • What is hatchery?
  • Incubation
  • Process of Artificial Incubation

Lesson

Chicken farming

You will learn:
Benefits of Poultry Farming Business
1. Less Capital Required
2. No Need for a Big Space (Backyard of home can be used)
3. High Returns in Short Time Period
4. Low Maintenance
5. No License required
6. Easy Marketing
7. Easy Bank Loans

8. Income & Self Employment Opportunities

Curriculum

Background

Poultry farming is defined as ‘raising different types of domestic birds commercially for the purpose of meat, eggs and feather production’. The most common and widely raised poultry birds are chicken. Around 5000 million chickens are being raised every year as a source of food (both meat and eggs of chicken). The chickens raised for eggs are called as layer chicken, and the chickens which are raised for their meat production are called broiler chickens.

Commercial poultry farming is also a very profitable business.

Course Coordinator

Prof. Dr. H. O. Srivastava

Audio Lessons

Common diseases in chicken

Chicken farming

Hatchery – Chick Production

Chicken farming mainly is done for meat and egg production. It can provide a source of income to the rural peoples, particularly the poorest families. In this course, we will study-

  • Benefit of chicken Farming
  • What is hatchery?
  • Incubation
  • Process of Artificial Incubation

Benefit of Chicken Farming

Chicken farming is quite profitable, in this-

  • It needs limited resources like land and capital.
  • It gives good returns for the amount invested.
  • It consumes less time and energy.
  • Fewer laborers required.
  • Chicken farming offers employment opportunities for farmers.

Hatchery

  • A place where eggs are hatched under artificial condition.
  • Hatching of eggs refers to the production of baby chickens.
  • Chicken eggs hatch in 21 days.

Incubation

  • Incubation is the process by which certain egg-laying birds hatch their eggs; it also refers to the development of the embryo within the egg.
  • Incubation is of two types-
  1. Natural method b) Artificial method

 

  • Natural Incubation
  • It is done by parent bird.
  • In this, eggs were hatched by placing them under broody hens.
  • Only 10-12 eggs can be put under single hen.
  • This method is highly unsatisfactory for the large-scale production of baby chickens.

 

  • Artificial Incubation
  • Artificial hatching is done through an Incubator.
  • It is a machine that provides a similar environment as that of broody hens.
  • It works more efficiently.

Process of Artificial Incubation

  • Firstly all selected eggs kept in one place.
  • Avoid cracked eggs. The penetration of disease organisms increases in it.
  • Avoid excessively large or small eggs. Large eggs hatch poorly and small eggs produce small chicks.
  • Then every egg is checked; only fertile eggs are selected. The egg checking process is called candling.
  • Keep only clean eggs for hatching.
  • Store cleaned eggs for 8-10 days.
  • There are two stages of incubation period- a) setters B) Hatchers
  • After storing, the eggs are kept in a setter machine for 18 days.
  • The temperature inside the setter is 99-100*F and humidity is 85- 87%.
  • On 19th day, eggs are kept in hatchery whose temperature is kept at 98*F and humidity is 89%.
  • The chick comes out after 3 days being put in the hatchery.
  • The chick is kept in the hatchery that day so it dries well.
  • The chicks are vaccinated after coming outside.

 

Hatchery

Chiken farming in backyard of dwelling

Chicken farming Quizzes

You have studied the chicken farming with special emphasis on hatchery. You have also learnt about natural and artificial incubation.

Now take the following quizzes.

Chicken farming, Hatchery and broiler business