Dairy Cow Farming (part-1)
Cow is a very useful domestic animal.
Dairy cows are reared exclusively to produce milk.
In this session, we will learn-
1) Selection of breed of cow
2) How to feed cows for more milk?
3) Caring of cows/ calves
Selection of cow breed
• Proper selection is the first and most important step that is adopted in dairy.
• Animals should be selected according to the climate.
• The animal should be selected based on its breed characters.
• Production of animals also varies within a breed.
• Other factors affecting milk production are the age of the animal, frequency of milking, management, type of nutrition, environment, stage of pregnancy, etc.
• Milk production capacity.
• Disease resistance
• Physical Appearance.
• Adaptability and heat tolerance.
• Temperament and dairy disposition.
• Service period.
How to feed cows for more milk?
• The food of the cow determines the quality and quantity of milk produced.
• It is important that a farmer meets the nutritional requirements of a dairy cow by providing adequate rations.
• For a healthy and productive cow, feed ration must have a balance of quantity, quality, protein, minerals and vitamins.
• Fodder is a heavy fodder that is full of energy and protein.
• They are important for high milk production in dairy cows.
• A dairy cow should consume 15 to 20 kg of fodder daily.
Caring of cows / calves
• It is important to pay attention to the health and hygiene status of the cows and calves.
• Keep them clean and dry.
• Cows need many dietary components to stay healthy.
• High yielding dairy cows require high amounts of protein such as mixed weed feed, alfalfa, and other protein supplements.
• They also require salt and minerals.
• Feed them well in the morning with all nutritious foods.
• Sitting in the shelter all day weakens their bones.
• They should be left in the open ground twice a day as it keeps them active.
• Maintaining cows in good and medium weight is very important to ensure their health.
• Place jute bags over the cow shed in winter.
• Provide fresh and clean water to your animals during all seasons.
• Consult the vet for advice.
• It is recommended to assess cows once every two months.