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Unmanned Aerial Robotics (UAVs) for Agricultural Applications
After completing the course
The learners will be introduced to the exciting field of Unmanned Aerial Robotics (UAVs), also known as Drones and its application in particular in agriculture. You will learn about their basic mechanics and control strategies and realize how they can be used in the field of agriculture resulting in saving in use of pesticide, fertilizer and seed. This will lead to climate protection and achieving SDG2030 Goal.
Agricultural or Farming Drones
Agricultural drone is being used by many countries to improve the yield and at the same time reducing input costs of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides etc. The technology is improving rapidly, and the benefits of drones in farming are becoming more apparent to farmers. Drone applications in agriculture range from calculating exact land sizes, soil mapping, classifying types of crops, crop dusting and spraying, pest management and also harvesting mapping.
Agricultural drones are no different than other types of drones. The application of the UAV simply changes to fit the needs of the farmer. There are, however, several drones specifically made for agricultural use.
Agricultural Drone Technology
Precision agriculture refers to the optimal use to ensure efficiency of inputs such as water and fertilizer, maximize productivity, quality, and yield. The term also involves minimizing use of pesticides to control disease.
Drones allow farmers to constantly monitor crop and livestock conditions to quickly find problems that would not become apparent in ground-level spot checks. For example, a farmer might find through time-lapse drone photography that part of his or her crop is not being properly irrigated. With this knowledge, he can use the inputs where required only.
The process of using a drone to map or survey crops is a relatively straightforward one. Many newer agricultural drone models come equipped with flight planning software that allows the user to draw around the area he or she needs to cover. Then, the software makes an automated flight path and, in some cases, even prepares the camera shots.
As the drone flies, it automatically takes pictures using on-board sensors and the built-in camera, and uses GPS to determine when to take each shot. But if your drone does not have these automatic features, then one person needs to fly the drone while the other takes the photos.
Drones such are capable of spraying crops with far more precision than a traditional tractor. This helps reduce costs and potential pesticide exposure to workers who would have needed to spray those crops manually.
Prof. Dr. H. O. Srivastava
Basics of Drone
- 1. What is drone
- 2. Use of drones in agriculture
- 3. Requirement of Drones