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According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a matured person should consume
daily 400 grams of vegetable (excluding potato) to live a healthy life. Vegetable farming is a type of crop production intended primarily for human consumption of the crop’s edible parts such as the shoot, leaves, fruits, and roots. According to the consume part of the crop, vegetables are divided into the following groups:
- Leaf vegetables (lettuce, cabbage, spinach)
- Fruit vegetables (pepper, cucumber, tomato)
- Root vegetables (carrot, radish, sweet potato)
- Bulb vegetables (garlic, onion, fennel)
- Flower vegetables (artichoke, cauliflower, broccoli)
Vegetable farming is very popular among farmers as a high-income branch of farming. The secret to vegetable farming profitability lies in its high market price of crops, as well as in high demands for vegetables year-round. Growing of vegetables is a preferable farm practice in developing and food-insecure countries. Since vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fibers, they play an important role in diet improvement.
Whether the growing of vegetables is intended for fresh consumption, processing, or seed production, it can be a profitable business. In this courses we shall learn about a few popular vegetables such as Bottle Gourd, Capsicum, Cauliflower, Cucumber etc.